Fly Fishing For Beginners

By Owen Jones

The purpose of this article is to assist the beginner fly fishing. The terminology and the basic practice employed in fly fishing may be unknown to the beginner at fly fishing, so we will start from the very beginning. Therefore, if you are a beginner fly fishing person, please read on in order to become acquainted with fly fishing.

The instruments needed for fly fishing are generally known as tackle, but if you want to be more accurate about the type of things you need, you can add the words "fly fishing". So, you get the phrase: "fly fishing tackle". Fly fishing gear basically consists of artificial flies, a fly rod, a fly reel and fly line. The set-up is: the fly is attached to the line, which is wound around the reel, which is attached to the rod, which is used to cast the bait (the fly).

To be able to cast the fly as far as wanted from the angler, the line needs to be a little heavier than the other kinds of fishing line, since a weight is used in other forms of fishing to obtain the same result. Furthermore, the artificial flies are available in all kinds of shapes, sizes and colours to reflect real, live flies, depending on the type of fish the angler wants to catch.

In general, an artificial fishing fly is created, often by hand by enthusiasts, from hair, plastic, feathers, fabric, fur and many other kinds of material in order to ensure the fly resembles, as closely as possible, the insect or fly most commonly taken by the particular species of fish in that particular month or at that time of the day. This means that each fishing location requires that you choose a definite kind of artificial fly that will look like the insects frequenting the area where your desired type of fish live. Therefore, a kind of fly used in one part of the country may not work as well as you'd think elsewhere.

There are variations in the classification of flies too. They fall into two basic overall categories, which are referred to as 'attractive' and 'imitative'. The imitative artificial lures resemble real flies, whereas the attractive lures only rely on colour or the reflection of light in order to attract fish without necessarily looking like the fish's natural prey.

These classifications then further sub-divide artificial fly fishing lures into: a] dry (resembling grasshoppers, dragonflies, etc. which float on or near the surface of the water); b] sub-surface (resembling larvae, pupae) and c] wet (looking like leeches and minnows or other tiddlers).

The biggest distinguishing feature between fly fishing and non-fly fishing is that fly fishing depends to a great extent on the weight of the line to carry the artificial lure to that area of the stream where the fish are schooling, probably at some distance from the angler. The line is often green and hollow like electrical wire coating, so that it will float.

However, non-fly fishing relies rather on the attached weight, often made of lead previously, to pull the line off the reel and carry it forward to the right area, where the weight or even split shot will also take the bait or lure down in the water to the feeding fish.

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