Understanding Piping Systems

By Amy Alvarez

Piping systems would not work properly without pipes and pipe couplings. Pipes are commonly used for residential plumbing, drainage, and industrial systems. These solve conveyance and distribution issues for liquid, gas, or hazardous materials. The main role of pipe couplings is to connect the pipes together to create a piping system. This also requires the use of other tools.

These tools hold up the system so that every part is able to hold its own for the special purpose it was meant for. The system includes such parts as the pipes themselves, then couplings, fittings, flanges, caps, plugs, nipples, and barbs.

How Pipe Couplings Work

Pipe couplings work by connecting two longer pipes or tubes to each other. Couplings are made of much shorter pipes. Couplings join two separate pipes that may or may not be of the same size. Other terms for this tool are adapter, reducer, or reduced coupling.

Now that you know what pipe couplings look like, you now have to learn how they actually join pipes together. Couplings connect pipes of any material, like cast iron, asbestos cement, polyvinyl chloride (PVC), glass fibre reinforced plastics, copper, copper alloy, and steel. Connecting pipes is done through through welding, brazing or soldering. Other fittings are also necessary for a piping system, including those designed for bends and turns and those made for the pipes to branch off.

How Copper Pipe Coupling And Pressed Fittings Work

In certain instances that require a leak proof seal, we use copper pipe coupling. We join the pipes together in a certain way, with the use of special fittings. These fittings are called crimped or pressed fittings. Manufacturers produce these special piping accessories by placing the sealant right inside the fittings.

After the pressed fitting slide under the pipes, they connect cleanly and easily. Using high pressure and crimping the pipes makes the joinery permanent. The process neatly compresses the inner tubing and the sealant together. It is a fast and practical way to form a leak proof pipe coupling seal. While it's an effective way of joining pipes, you may find it more costly compared to ordinary methods. The special fittings used for this process are also bought in specialized stores.

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