Automobile Terminology For The Rest Of Us

By Daniel Akinson

The following car glossary is very helpful, particularly if you become frustrated or confused by all of the terminology used to describe specific aspects of car maintenance and repair.

1) The Chassis, this is the skeleton of the car, it is a metal frame that makes up a car together, including the body, suspension, wheels etc.

The Drivetrain/Powertrain: A drivetrain, otherwise called the powertrain, is what alludes to all of the mechanics that maintain the vehicle's ability to power up and remain operational. Such as the wheels, transmission, engine etc.

The Transmission: A car's transmission is what makes up a vehicle's gears. Your vehicle is able to operate at a number of different speeds because of your car's transmission. If you didn't have a transmission, you'd only have a single gear.

The Wheelbase: This part of the vehicle is what marks the distance from the rear wheels to the front end ones.

The Engine Litre Size: It is likely that you have heard a car being described as having 1.2 litre capacity. In other words, this explains the engine size, which is the amount of room found inside for fuel and oxygen to intermingle. If there is a greater amount of room on the inside of the engine, it can generate more power.

* HP or Horsepower - This measures the power of your car's engine.

7) Torque, this is how much rotational power the engine creates. This is what informs the driver of the engine's flexibility and durability. It is pretty much talking about the power an engine holds.

The Car Handling: The handling is how the wheels operate, especially when it takes on corners and swerves.

* 4 Wheel Drive - An engine that is able to send out power to all 4 of a car's wheels instead of the typical 2 wheel drive.

* Turbocharger - This part helps your car's engine to boost its power supply by utilizing exhaust pressure to increase the amount of fuel-air mix that is provided to your car's engine.

The CO2 emissions (g/km): This is a term used to describe the amount of carbon dioxide being sent out through the vehicle's exhaust. It offers a proposed estimation on just how 'green' the vehicle actually is.

* Start/Stop - Some vehicles have this type of technology that will stop the engine of the car when it is stationary or parked and start it up again when the driver hits the gas pedal to move, as a means of saving fuel.

The Hybrid Engine: There are several distinct power sources for a hybrid engine, which generally are comprised of an electric motor that is connected to a petrol engine. This car will use the gas engine at higher speeds, switching to the electric system for around-town driving at lower speeds.

14) Metallic, metallic paint is more expensive than standard paint because it looks more reflective. There are tiny little particles of metal within this paint, designed to shimmer.

REVS, RPM (Revs Per Minute): A car's RPM informs the driver of just how hard the engine is working with the gear being used. Your engine is working harder if there is a higher number of RPMs showing.

16) Cruise Control, this is a device that allows you to lock the current speed of a car in place.

17) TDI - FSI, these stand for Turbo Direct Injection and Fuel Stratified Injection and refer to methods in which fuel is injected into the engine. TDI refers to diesel engines while FSI refers to petrol.

18) Climate Control, this is where you adjust the air con, heating and ventilation.

The Sports Suspension: This aspect to the vehicle actually boosts performance capabilities while in drive.

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